Springvale Park: Rolling terrain at this site is a remnant of the Civil War–era countryside outside Atlanta. From this spot, Confederate troops launched an attack against the nearby entrenched Federal line on July 22, 1864.
What to See: This section of Springvale Park suggests Atlanta's battlefield terrain in 1864: a rolling, thickly wooded countryside riven with deep hollows, barren knolls, and widely separated tracts of cleared land. A narrow window of opportunity to preserve more of the city's battlefields was missed when they were omitted from the initial set of national military parks that the federal government established in the 1890s. That decade was a critical time for preserving Civil War battlefields.
At that time, many sites remained largely untouched and many veterans with personal knowledge of the battles could recall troop movements, positions, and combat encounters. Further, the post-war reconciliation between white Americans was ascendant, and veterans from both sides joined unified efforts aimed at securing federal support for battlefield preservation.
However, the veteran generation soon ran into Congressional opposition to further funding for battleground conservation, and Congress refused to add Atlanta to the list of national military parks. The next, national wave of Civil War battlefield preservation peaked in the 1920s and 1930s, but by then it was too late to properly save Atlanta's battlefields. A local campaign in 1937 seeking federal funds to preserve what remained of the city's battlegrounds was unsuccessful, despite renewed enthusiasm for Civil War preservation spurred by the popularity of Margaret Mitchell's Gone with the Wind.
A Georgia Historical Commission marker titled "Springvale Park" and a nearby commemorative monument erected by the Sons of Confederate Veterans identify this site as the location where Confederate Brigadier General Arthur M. Manigualt's brigade stopped, reformed its line, and launched its attack against the Federal 15th Corps, entrenched approximately 400 yards northwest.
Manigault's troops charged through a railroad cut in the vicinity of the Inman Park MARTA Station, breaking the Union line, and then briefly seized the Troup Hurt House and the four guns of Captain Francis De Gress's battery. More Confederate units followed Manigault's Brigade in an attack that dislodged the center of the Federal 15th Corps across a half-mile front.